I own an old Acer szw4300U scanner. Making it work with Linux is not exactly a plug and play, but not very complex either. Here is how it is done.
An easy way is to use SANE which is a framework that connects scanning software (frontends) with the scanners' drivers (backends).
On the following page you can find a list of supported scanners with reference to their drivers. My scanner uses a "snapscan" driver.
Both SANE and the drivers are already installed by default on most Linux distributions. To verify that SANE is installed use the following command:
~$ scanimage -V scanimage (sane-backends) 1.0.22; backend version 1.0.22
scanimage is a defualt frontend that is bundled with SANE. Let's try to scan something with it. Do not forget to plug your scanner into the computer:
~$ scanimage [snapscan] Cannot open firmware file /usr/share/sane/snapscan/your-firmwarefile.bin. [snapscan] Edit the firmware file entry in snapscan.conf. scanimage: open of device snapscan:libusb:006:002 failed: Invalid argument
The issue here is that my driver is a generic one, meaning it can handle different models of scanners depending on a provided firmware file. A firmware file has .bin extension and can be found on the windows driver installation disc. The disc usually contains several firmware files, to find out which is the firmware file for your scanner model please refer to this table at the snapscan homepage. Notice that the number after the V in the name of the file is the version number, so you might find that your disc contains an older version than the one listed on the website. Nevertheless, the firmware will still fit.
The next step is to configure snapscan to use the firmware. For example my file is U176V042.BIN. We need to copy it into /usr/share/sane/snapscan/ (create the directory if it does not exist).
Now open /etc/sane.d/snapscan.conf and do the following:
Uncomment the line
and then replace
Finally we can test the scanner:
~$ scanimage > test.pnm [snapscan] Scanner warming up - waiting 20 seconds. [snapscan] Scanner warming up - waiting 20 seconds. ~$ pnmtojpeg test.pnm > test.jpeg
If you want a GUI frontend you can see the list here. I personaly use XSane and it is quite good.
If you get an error similar to
[snapscan] Cannot open firmware file /usr/share/sane/snapscan/U176V042.BIN
And absolutely sure that there are no typos in the conf file, I would suggest to look into the permissions of U176V042.BIN file. The permissions should allow reading for "all". Here is a reminder of how to do it:
/usr/share/sane/snapscan$ sudo chmod a+r U176V042.BIN